Himanshi singh May 19, 2020
The Jains believe that their religious faith is an “eternal dharma” that has been passed down to them by a series of 24 Tirthankaras who served as their spiritual teachers. The Jains also believe that every living soul (jiva) is divine and every individual has the potential to achieve ‘moksha’ by practicing the teachings of the Tirthankaras.
Digambara or sky-clad and Svetambara or white-clad. The ascetic practitioners of Svetambara wear white clothes, while those of Digambara do not wear clothes and practice nudity. Both these sects have mendicants who are supported by ‘sravakas’ or laypersons.
Jainism is a transtheistic religion and its teachings are based on the three main principles of ‘Ahimsa’ or Non-violence; ‘anekantavada’ or Many-sided reality; and ‘aparigraha’ or non-attachment. Of these, ahimsa is the most fundamental principle of Jainism.
As per the Jain discourses, Vardhamana Mahavira – the 24th Jain Tirthankara, was born at the beginning of the 6th century BCE, as the son of King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala of the Ikshvaku Dynasty that lived in the Vaishali district of the present-day Indian State of Bihar.
4 to 12 million people all over the world are followers of Jainism, with the majority of Jains being found in the countries of India, the United States, Kenya, Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, and some European nations. India, being the birthplace of Jainism,
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